Introduction

Azerbaijan is beautifully located on the west bank of the Caspian Sea, and on the south side of the Absheron Peninsula you find the capital city of Baku. The nature of the country is very varied, which you can clearly see when traveling around the country, which can be done by train. From the Caspian Sea to mountains, there is always new panoramas to see.

The Azerbaijani capital Baku is beautifully located on the peninsula, which is surrounded on both sides by the Caspian Sea. The sea is a large lake that, however, seems like a sea off the coast of Baku and from the main roads along the coast. Baku Boulevard is the main street where oil barons formerly built mansions and where a great part of the city's outdoor life takes place. From here you can also see the impressive flame towers.

The flame towers stand like large flames over Baku as a symbol of the country's oil wealth. The oil has contributed enormously to the economy of Azerbaijan since the 19th century, and it has made the country strategically important; Among other years, during World War 2. The oil is very visible with the many drilling towers in the landscape and the Caspian Sea platforms.

Azerbaijan has cozy provincial towns and many interesting excursion destinations, which are also close to Baku. The ever-burning mountain, Yanar Dag, and Ateshgah Fire Temple are two popular sights, and one should also consider a trip to the beautiful mountains, mud volcanoes and rock carvings in Gobustan.

Biggest cities
  • Baku: 2,064,900
  • Ganja: 314,600
  • Sumqayit: 312,000
  • Mingachevir: 97,000
  • Lankaran: 83,300
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Holidays
  • January 1-2: New Year
  • January 20: Martyrs' Day
  • March 8: Women's Day
  • Date varies: Spring Festival
  • May 9: Victory Day over fascism
  • May 28: Republic Day
  • June 15: National Salvation Day of the Azerbaijani people
  • June 26: Day of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Azerbaijan
  • November 9: Flag Day
  • December 31: World Azerbaijanis Solidarity Day
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Baku, Azerbaijan

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Practical info
  • Official name: Republic of Azerbaijan / Azərbaycan Respublikası
  • Capital: Baku / Bakı
  • National anthem: Azerbaijan's March / Azərbaycan marşı
  • Language: Azerbaijani
  • Population: 9,356,000 (2013)
  • Primary religion: Islam
  • Currency: Manat (AZN)
  • Drives in: Right side
  • Domain: .az
  • Phone code: +994
  • Time Zone: AZT (UTC + 4)
  • Power and plugs: 230 V / 50 Hz, plug type C, F
Geography
  • Area: 86,600 km² / 33,436 sq mi
  • Highest point: Mount Bazardüzü, 4,485 m / 14,715 feet
  • Longest river: Kura / Kür, 1,515 km / 941 mi
  • Largest lake: Caspian Sea / Xəzər dənizi, 371,000 km² / 143,244 sq mi
  • Largest island: Pirallahı island, 10 km² / 3.9 sq mi
  • Boundaries: North: Russia, Georgia. South: Iran. East: Caspian Sea. West: Armenia, Turkey, Iran.
Celebrities
  • Mammad Amin Rasulzade: Chairman of the National Council, 1884-1955
  • Heydar Aliyev: President, 1923-2003
  • Ayaz Mütallibov: President, 1938-
  • Nigar Jamal: Singer, 1980-