Read about the city

Brisbane and Gold Coast are Australia's favorite resort cities. Here, there is almost a guarantee of good weather, bathing and all the entertainment you can imagine, for which not least the Gold Coast is so famous.

However, Brisbane has much more than the beaches to offer. There are several art museums, and if you want to go back to the early development of the area, there are preserved buildings from the 19th century. If you suddenly want to go to the beach, it can also be fulfilled in the very center of the city where the inviting South Bank Parklands are located.

Australia's magnificent scenery is never far from anywhere in the big country, nor from Brisbane. From here many will probably choose a boat trip on Moreton Bay, where the area's first penal colony was located.

Other attractions

Land Administration Building, Brisbane

  • Land Administration Building: This is one of Brisbane's large buildings from around the year 1900. The house was built 1899-1905 to house various public bodies in Queensland including the Prime Minister of the State. One could also visit the Queensland National Art Gallery here.
  • The Old Government House: Old Government House was built 1860-1862 as the residence of Sir Bowen and family. Bowen was Queensland's first governor. The house was replaced by a new and more modern governor's residence in 1910, and then it was converted into an administration building for the University of Queensland.

Story Bridge, Brisbane

  • Story Bridge: This beautiful bridge was opened in 1940 spanning the Brisbane River as Australia's longest cantilever bridge. It has a length of 777 meters/2,550 feet and connects suburbs to the north and south of the city. The bridge is named after the John Douglas Story.
  • Government House: This is the official residence of the Governor of Queensland, representing the Australian Monarch. The house was built as a residence for Johann Heussler in 1865, and it has housed governors since 1910. On special occasions, the beautiful house is open to the public.

Newstead House, Brisbane

  • Newstead House: This is Brisbane's oldest surviving residential house. It was built in 1846 as the residence of Patrick and Catherine Leslie. Today, there is a museum on site, and events such as concerts in the house's garden are also arranged.
  • South Brisbane Town Hall: This is the old town hall of South Brisbane that was established as an independent town in 1888. The town hall was opened in 1892 and it was a town hall until 1925 when South Brisbane became part of Brisbane. Today, the old town hall is used for education purposes.

Central Railway Station, Brisbane

  • Central Railway Station: Central Railway Station is Brisbane's interesting main railway station. The first station opened in 1889, and since then both the railway station and the city's railway network have been significantly expanded.
  • Brisbane Arcade: This is a beautiful shopping arcade built 1923-1924. The arcade connects the streets of Adelaide Street and Queen Street, and there are fine shops facing both streets and on two floors in the arcade itself.

ANZAC Square, Brisbane

  • ANZAC Square: ANZAC Square is named after the Australian and New Zealand troops who fought in 1916 as a combined force with the Turks at the Battle of Gallipoli. The letters represent the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps, and in the square you can see an ANZAC memorial, the Shrine of Remembrance, with an eternal flame. In continuation of ANZAC Square you can see the park Post Office Square with the city's fine post office from 1872.
  • St. Andrew Uniting Church: This church was completed in 1905 as a parish church for the neighborhood's Presbyterian congregation, and it is one of Australia's best examples of a Romanesque-Byzantine-inspired church building.

Cathedral of St Stephen, Brisbane

  • Cathedral of St. Stephen: This is Brisbane's Catholic Cathedral and thus the seat of the city's archbishop. The foundation stone was laid for the cathedral in 1863, but it took several decades with a step-by-step expansion before the church was completed. Today, the church is beautifully locaed between modern high-rise buildings.
  • Queen Street Mall: Queen Street Mall is Brisbane's premier business district. A stroll here, with its variety of shops and restaurants gives a good impression of the city's modern buildings and the daily life in Brisbane.
  • All Saints Anglican Church: This 1869 church is one of Brisbane's most evocative constructions. You find the small church building between the modern high-rise buildings, and it has a simple and beautiful interior.

Queensland Museum, Brisbane

  • Queensland Cultural Center: In the South Bank district, there are several exciting cultural institutions to visit. The most important are the art museums Queensland Art Gallery and Queensland Gallery of Modern Art, the State Library of Queensland and the Queensland Museum.
  • City Botanic Gardens: Along the winding course of the Brisbane River in the city's modern business district, this botanical garden is like a true oasis. It was landscaped in 1865 and there are many ancient plants besides a wealth of flowers.
History overview

    [expand title="Read about city history" id="historie2" swaptitle="Hide content"]
    The city of Brisbane is named after Sir Thomas Brisbane who was governor of New South Wales 1821-1825. When the European settlement was established in 1824, it was a prisoners' colony at the governor's decision. The original location was 28 kilometers/17 miles north of the current town center, at what is today Redcliffe, but as early as 1825 Brisbane was moved to a place where the business district is now, due to more stable water supply.

    The following decades, the settlement was a prisoners' colony without a planned urban development, but in 1842 free settlement was opened in Brisbane. Development started, residence houses were built, and population increased from 829 in 1846 to 6,000 in 1859. That same year, Brisbane was chosen as the capital of the state of Queensland.

    In the latter half of the 19th century, most things from the penal colony's status were erased with the construction of many large and stately buildings symbolizing Brisbane's and Queensland's strengthened economy and political status. When Australia was formed in 1901, Queensland was the fastest growing nation in population and development, and Brisbane was the locomotive for growth.

    The 1930s poverty and depression, which hit Brisbane like many other, led to city stagnation, and there were many shelter neighborhoods where the poorest had to live. 

    During World War II, the city grew and the population reached 750,000. The growth was not least due to the thousands of American soldiers stationed in the city in connection with the establishment of one of General Douglas MacArthur's military headquarters in Brisbane.

    After World War II, the economy boomed in Brisbane, where new businesses and suburbs arose with great speed. In the 1980s, the city was almost redefined through hosting both the Commonwealth Games (1982) and the World Exhibition (1988), which led to a great deal of construction activity, modernization of infrastructure, among other things, and the establishment of a number of new cultural institutions.

    The large holiday resort of the Gold Coast is located south of Brisbane, and the tourism industry has contributed to the positive development of the city in recent decades. Today, around 1.8 million people live in Brisbane's urban area, making it Australia's third largest city. The Gold Coast is characterized by modern hotels, apartments and lots of entertainment.
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Brisbane City Hall, Adelaide Street, Brisbane Queensland, Australien

Top attractions

St John's Cathedral, Brisbane

  • St John's Cathedral: This is Brisbane's Anglican cathedral and stands as the city's most impressive church building. The cathedral was conceived as early as the 1880s, but the later King George V was not able to lay the foundation stone until 1901. After three periods of construction, the impressive cathedral was consecrated in 2009.
  • Customs House: The Customs House is one of the prime examples of colonial architecture in Brisbane. The style is neoclassical, and with a large dome the house is one of the area's distinctive buildings. The house was built 1886-1889, and today it is used by i.a. the city's university.

City Hall, Brisbane

  • City Hall: Brisbane City Hall was built in the period 1920-1930, at that time it was the tallest building in the city. The central and 92-meter/302 feet-high bell tower was designed with inspiration from Campanile on St. Mark's Square in Venice.

The Old Windmill, Brisbane

  • The Old Windmill: The city's old mill was built by prisoners in 1828, making it Brisbane's oldest building. When the mill was built, it stood well above the terrain. The building was used as a mill until 1861, when it was converted into an observatory and signal station.
  • Queensland Museum: At the Queensland Museum you can get close to the areas of ​​cultural and natural history through various thematic collections and exhibitions. It is an exciting museum that provides good knowledge about the city and the state.

Parliament House, Brisbane

  • Parliament House: Parliament House is the seat of Queensland Parliament. The need for a building arose after the Queensland separation from New South Wales in 1859.
  • Treasury Building: The former Queensland State Treasury is a beautiful Italian-style building. It was built in stages from 1886 to 1928, and it was initially one of the symbols of the autonomous Queensland.
Trips in the area

Mount Coot-tha, Brisbane

  • City Lookout: From Mount Coot-Tha, there is a fantastic view of Brisbane and the surrounding area; to Moreton Bay and the Glasshouse Mountains, among others. Mount Coot-thas peak reaches 287 meters/941 feet above sea level and there is a cozy eatery at the viewpoint.

Fort Lytton, Brisbane

  • Fort Lytton: Fort Lytton is a fort built along the Brisbane River in the years 1880-1881 in defense of the city. The fort was used until the end of World War II and for certain purposes from to the 1960s. Today it is part of Fort Lytton National Park.
  • St. Helena Island National Park: Saint Helena National Park is an island located in the Bay of Moreton Bay off Brisbane. The island laid land for the state of Queensland's first penitentiary, and some ruins of some of the 19th century buildings are preserved.

Gold Coast, Australia

  • Gold Coast: The city of Gold Coast is located in the southeast corner of Queensland and as Brisbane it is one of Australia's major cities. Gold Coast is known as a great resort with lovely beaches, hotels, theme parks and other entertainment galore.
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