Introduction

Bulgaria is a country that is beautifully located between the mountains of the Balkans and the waves of the Black Sea. From the mountain massif in the west, the Balkan mountains divide Bulgaria into the flat area of ​​the Danube Plain and the Thracian Plains, and it offers rich variety and many opportunities for activities.

The capital, Sofia, offers countless beautiful buildings from the last many centuries, and ruins from the Roman settlement of Serdika have also been preserved. Here are a lot of things to see, for example, from the time of the country during the Ottomans and from the communist era of the 20th century, where an imposing architectural style characterized the cityscape.

There are many interesting Bulgarian provincial cities. From Sofia you can go to the country's second largest city, Plovdiv, where there are beautifully preserved buildings from the Roman Empire. Plovdiv's old town is also worth a visit, just as both Varna and Burgas on the Black Sea coast are interesting to see.

Many people see Bulgaria on trips to the beautiful and child-friendly beaches that surround Burgas in the south and Varna in the north. The sea is warm in summer time, and lush Bulgaria offers fine ingredients for the country's tasty cuisine. Of course, the food can also be tasted in Bulgaria's cozy mountain towns, where you can also find the famous monastery in Rila.

Biggest cities
  • Sofia / София: 1,204,685
  • Plovdiv / Пловдив: 338,153
  • Varna / Варна: 334,870
  • Burgas / Бургас: 200,271
  • Ruse / Русе: 149,642
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Holidays
  • January 1: New Year's Day
  • March 3: Liberation Day
  • Date varies: Easter Day
  • Date varies: Easter Monday
  • May 1: May 1 celebrations
  • May 6: St. George's Day
  • May 24: Saint Kiril and Methodius Day
  • September 6: Unity Day
  • September 22: Independence Day
  • December 25: Christmas Day
  • December 26: Boxing Day
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Sofia, Sofia, Bulgaria

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Practical info
  • Official name: Republic of Bulgaria / Република България
  • Capital: Sofia / София
  • National anthem: Mila Rodina / Мила Родино
  • Language: Bulgarian
  • Population: 7,202,198 (2014)
  • Primary Religion: Christianity
  • Currency: Leva (BGN)
  • Drives in: Right side
  • Domain: .bg
  • Phone code: +359
  • Time Zone: EET (UTC + 2)
  • Power and plugs: 230 V / 50 Hz, plug type C, F
Geography
  • Area: 110,994 km² / 42,855 sq mi
  • Highest point: Musala / Мусала, 2,925 m / 9,596 feet
  • Longest river: Danube / Дунав, 2,860 km / 1,777 mi
  • Largest lake: Burgas Lake / Бургаско езеро, 28 km² / 10.8 sq mi
  • Largest island: Belene Island / остров Белене, 69 km² / 26.6 sq mi
  • Boundaries: North: Romania. South: Greece, Turkey. East: Black Sea. West: Serbia, North Macedonia.
Celebrities
  • Krum Khan: King, 7?? - 814
  • Vasil Levski: National Hero, 1837-1873
  • Hristo Botev: National Hero, 1848-1876
  • Ivan Vazov: Poet, 1850-1921
  • Lady Gruev: Revolutionary, 1871-1906
  • Gotse Deltjev: Revolutionary, 1872-1903
  • Georgi Dimitrov: Secretary General, 1882-1949
  • Boris III: King, 1894-1943
  • Todor Zhivkov: Secretary General, 1911-1998
  • Christo: Artist, 1935-
  • Simeon II: King, Politician, 1937-
  • Jordanka Donkova: Athlete, 1961-
  • Stefka Kostadinova: High Jumper, 1965-
  • Hristo Stoichkov: Football Player, 1966-
  • Manuela Maleeva: Tennis Player, 1967-
  • Magdalena Maleeva: Tennis Player, 1975-