Introduction

China is a country that is also known as the Middle Kingdom, and it is a colossal country with equally great possibilities for visitors. Exciting megacities, quiet mountain areas, wide rivers, lovely beaches, delicious food and a long history that makes its mark everywhere are some of the things to see in the Chinese regions.

It is easy to see that China is an old cultural nation, where temples, palaces and ancient sites are well preserved in many places from the times of the Chinese imperial dynasties. Xi'an's Terracotta Army, the Forbidden City in Beijing and of course the Great Wall are just a few of the best known sights.

China is also a nation that has undergone great development in a few decades since the late 1900s, and this is evident on the skyline of all major cities of China. The architecture is often modern, interesting and challenging, and Shanghai and Hong Kong are literally shining examples of fascinating Chinese cities.

There is also great variation in Chinese nature, where pandas and tigers live in large areas. The Great Wall of China winds its way through the mountains, which are particularly characteristic in the Guilin province. A trip by train to the highlands of Tibet completes the journey through the nature and culture of China.

Biggest cities
  • Shanghai: 24,500,000
  • Beijing: 22,500,000
  • Guangzhou: 19,800,000
  • Tianjin: 15,500,000
  • Chongqing: 15,400,000
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Holidays
  • January 1-3: New Year's Day
  • Date varies: Chinese New Year (seven days)
  • Date varies: Qingming Festival (three days)
  • May 1: May 1 celebrations (three days)
  • Date varies: Dragon Boat Festival (three days)
  • Date varies: Autumn festival (three days)
  • October 1: National Day
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Beijing, People's Republic of China

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Practical info
  • Official Name: People's Republic of China / Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó / 中华人民共和国
  • Capital: Beijing / Běijīng / 北京
  • National anthem: Volunteers' March / Yìyǒngjūn Jìnxíngqǔ / 义勇军 进行曲
  • Languages: Chinese (Mandarin and Cantonese)
  • Population (2010): 1,339,724,852
  • Primary religion: Buddhism
  • Currency: Renminbi (CNY)
  • Drives in: Right side
  • Domain: .cn
  • Phone code: +86
  • Time Zone: CST (UTC + 8)
  • Power and plugs: 220 V / 50 Hz, plug type A, C, I
Geography
  • Area: 9,706,961 km² / 3,747,879 sq mi
  • Highest point: Mount Everest 8,840 m / 29,003 feet
  • Longest river: Yangtze 6,418 km / 3,988 mi
  • Largest lake: Qinghai Hu 4,489 km² / 1,733 sq mi
  • Largest island: Hainan 33,210 km² / 12,822 sq mi
  • Boundaries: North: Russia, Kazakhstan, Mongolia. South: Nepal, India, Bhutan, Myanmar, Laos, Vietnam, Pacific. East: Russia, North Korea, the Yellow Sea, the East China Sea, Pacific Ocean. West: Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India
Celebrities
  • Confucius / 孔夫子: Philosopher, 551-479 BC
  • Yongle / 明成祖: Emperor, 1360-1424
  • Cixi / 慈禧太后: Widow Empress, 1835-1908
  • Sun Yat-Sen / 孫中山: Politician, 1866-1925
  • Chang Kai-Shek / 蔣介石: Politician, 1887-1975
  • Mao Zedong / 毛澤東: Politician, 1893-1976
  • Zhou Enlai / 周恩来: Politician, 1896-1976
  • Deng Xiaoping / 邓小平: Politician, 1904-1997
  • Puyi / 溥儀: Emperor, 1906-1967
  • Tenzin Gyatso / 丹增 嘉措 / བསྟན་ འཛིན་ རྒྱ་མཚོ་: Dalai lama, 1935-
  • Jackie Chan / 陳 港 生: Actor, 1954-
  • Jet Li / 李連杰: Actor, 1963-
  • Yao Ming / 姚明: Basketball Player, 1980-
  • Lin Dan / 林丹: Badminton Player, 1983-