Ethiopia is the country where Christianity already arrived in the 300s. It is also the African country that always ruled itself and thus did not have European colonial powers. The emperors stayed on the Ethiopian throne until the Marxist DERG junta took power in 1974. All in all, it provides an exciting cultural history that can be experienced on a visit today.

Addis Ababa is the capital. the home of Lucy, which is the most famous find of the ancient people on display at the National Museum, where you can also see other parts of the country's rich culture and history. Other museums in the city are also recommended, and the cityscape has beautiful churches, large squares and other interesting sights.

Ethiopia is divided from northeast to southwest by the Great Rift Valley, which is one of the most famous geologic regions on Earth. Here is a rich wildlife with lions, giraffes, antelopes and also some endemic species such as the rare Abyssinian fox that lives in the highlands of Ethiopia.

Ethiopia is much more than the capital and the landscape of the Rift Valley. It is also the homeland of coffee, and this is where you can see the unique rock churches in Lalibela. The churches are pilgrimage sites, and they were carved into the bedrock or cliff walls. The rock churches are for good reason listed on UNESCO's World Heritage List.

Biggest cities
  • Addis Ababa: 3,040,740
  • Dire Dawa: 273,601
  • Mek'ele: 271,562
  • Adama: 262,884
  • Gondar: 254,450
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  • January 7: Genna (Ethiopian Christmas)
  • January 19: Timkat (Holy Kings)
  • March 2: Victory Day (Battle of Adwa)
  • March 28: Hazen
  • Date varies: Sickle (Good Friday)
  • Date varies: Fasika (Easter Day)
  • May 1: May 1 celebrations
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Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

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Practical info
  • Official Name: Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia / Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia / የኢትዮጵያ ፌዴራላዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ
  • Capital: Addis Ababa / አዲስ አበባ
  • National anthem: March Forward, Dear Mother Ethiopia / ወደፊት ገስግሺ ውድ እናት ኢትዮጵያ
  • Language: Amharic
  • Population: 73,750,932 (2007)
  • Primary Religion: Christianity
  • Currency: Birr (ETB)
  • Drives in: Right side
  • Domain: .et
  • Phone code: +251
  • Time Zone: EAT (UTC + 3)
  • Power and plugs: 220 V / 50 Hz, plug type C, E, F, L
  • Area: 1,104,300 km² / 426,373 sq mi
  • Highest point: Ras Dejen, 4,620 m / 15,157 feet
  • Longest river: Blue Nile, 1,450 km / 901 mi
  • Largest lake: Turkana, 6,405 km² / 2,473 sq mi
  • Largest island: Dek, 16 km² / 6.2 sq mi
  • Boundaries: North: Eritrea. South: Kenya. East: Djibouti, Somalia. West: Sudan, South Sudan.
  • Menelik II: Emperor, 1844-1913
  • Haile Selassie I: Emperor, 1892-1975
  • Mengistu Haile Mariam: President, 1937-
  • Haile Gebrselassie: Track and field athlete, 1973-