Introduction

Greece is a country that in ancient times influenced large parts of Europe with colonies, trade and large scale constructions. They can still be seen in many places in various countries but nowhere better than in the homeland's cities and provinces.

The capital of Athens is an impressive city where historical sights are overwhelming in numbers. The unique Acropolis stands tall on top of the city on one of Athens top spots to visit. Between the hills you will find nice areas like the old Plaka and the modern area around Omonia and Syntagma squares.

The Greek provincial cities with Thessaloniki and Iraklion at the forefront also offer many metropolitan experiences, and everywhere in the country there is never far to a Greek tavern with delicious Greek Mediterranean food on the menu. And with memorable local sights.

Greece is also a paradise of lovely islands. Among the best-known are Crete with the Samaria Gorge and the Minoan Knossos and the smaller islands in the Cyclades group, which among other things offers iconic views of Santorini. Corfu in the Adriatic Sea is another well-visited island worth enjoying.

Biggest cities
  • Athens: 3,090,508
  • Thessaloniki: 824,676
  • Patras: 167,466
  • Larissa: 144,651
  • Iraklion: 140,730
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Holidays
  • January 1: New Year
  • January 6: Epiphany
  • Date varies: Kathara Deftera
  • March 25: Independence Day
  • Date varies: Good Friday
  • Date varies: Easter Day
  • Date varies: Easter Monday
  • May 1: May 1st
  • Date varies: Pentecost
  • Date varies: Whit Monday
  • August 15: Assumption Day
  • October 28: Two ochi
  • December 25: Christmas Day
  • December 26: Boxing Day
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Athens, Attica Region, Greece

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Practical info
  • Official Name: Hellenic Republic / Ελληνική Δημοκρατία [Ellīnikī́ Dīmokratía]
  • Capital: Athens
  • National anthem: Hymn of Liberty / Ὕμνος εἰς τὴν Ἐλευθερίαν / Ýmnos eis tín Eleftherían
  • Language: Greek
  • Population (2011): 10,816,286
  • Primary Religion: Christianity
  • Currency: Euro (EUR)
  • Drives in: Right side
  • Domain: .gr
  • Phone code: +30
  • Time Zone: EET (UTC + 2)
  • Power and plugs: 230 V / 50 Hz, plug type C, F
Geography
  • Area: 131,957 km² / 50,949 sq mi
  • Highest point: Olympus 2,918 m / 9,573 feet
  • Longest river: Aliakmonas 322 km / 200 mi
  • Largest lake: Trichonida 99 km² / 38 sq mi
  • Largest island: Crete 8,259 km² / 3,189 sq mi
  • Boundaries: North:  Albania, North Macedonia, Bulgaria. South: Mediterranean Sea. East: Turkey, Aegean Sea. West:  Ionian Sea.
Celebrities
  • Homer: Poet,?
  • Solon: Wise Man, 638-558 BC
  • Aisopos: Author, 620-560 BC
  • Pythagoras: Mathematician, 570-495 BC
  • Kleisthenes: Politician, 570-? B.C.
  • Aischylos: Tragedy Poet, 526-456 BC
  • Sophocles: Dramatic, 496-406 BC
  • Pericles: Politician, 495-429 BC
  • Herodotus: Historian, 484-425 BC
  • Socrates: Philosopher, 469-399 BC
  • Thucydid: Historian, 460-400 BC
  • Hippocrates: Physician, 460-370 BC
  • Aristophanes: Author, 450-385 BC
  • Plato: Philosopher, 427-347 BC
  • Aristotle: Philosopher, 384-322 BC
  • Euclid: Mathematician, 325-265 BC
  • Aristarchos: Astronomer, 310-230 BC
  • Archimedes: Mathematician, 287-212 BC
  • Saint Nicholas: Bishop, 270-343
  • Saint Kirill: Theologian, 826-869
  • Saint Methodius: Theologian, 815-885
  • El Greco: Art Painter, 1541-1614
  • Eleftherios Venizelos: Prime Minister, 1864-1936
  • Constantine I: King, 1868-1923
  • Aristotle Onassis: Shipowner, 1906-1975
  • Andreas Papandreou: Politician, 1919-1996
  • Nana Mouskouri: Singerinde, 1934-
  • Vangelis: Musician, 1943-
  • Stelios Haji-Ioannou: Entrepreneur, 1967-
  • Ekaterini Thanou: Runner, 1975-