Introduction

Italy is one of the most visited countries in the world, and there are many good reasons for it. An immensely rich cultural history awaits visitors in a perfect combination with beautiful landscapes, a mild climate, lovely beaches and delicious food and wine.

For centuries, the capital of Rome was the center of the Roman Empire and actual a metropolis one can still discover with the Coliseum, the Roman Forum and other remains from a bygone empire. Rome is also the capital of the Baroque architecture with, for example, Bernini's architecture and St. Peter's Basilica of the Vatican which is a must during a visit.

Leonardo Da Vinci, Rafael and Michelangelo are some of the Italians who have created the numerous masterpieces of Italian art and who have influenced many of the country's major cultural cities such as Florence, Bologna, Pisa, Venice and Genoa.

The history of southern Italy as independent kingdoms ruled from Naples and Palermo makes the regions in this part of the country very interesting and this is also where the Amalfi Coast, Vesuvius and Pompeii to be experienced. They are just a few places on the bucket list of things to experience in Italy.

Biggest cities
  • Rome: 2,617,175
  • Milan: 1,242,123
  • Naples: 962,003
  • Turin: 872,367
  • Palermo: 657,651
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Holidays
  • January 1: New Year's Day
  • January 6: Epiphany
  • Date varies: Easter Day
  • Date varies: Easter Monday
  • April 25: Liberation Day
  • May 1: May 1 celebrations
  • June 2: Founding of the Republic
  • August 15: Assumption Day
  • November 1: All Saints Day
  • December 8: Immaculate Conception
  • December 25: Christmas Day
  • December 26: Boxing Day
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Rome, Rome, Italy

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Practical info
  • Official name: Republic of Italy / Repubblica Italiana
  • Capital: Rome / Rome
  • National anthem: Il canto degli italiani
  • Language: Italian
  • Population (2017): 60,483,973
  • Primary Religion: Christianity
  • Currency: Euro (EUR)
  • Drives in: Right side
  • Domain: .it
  • Phone code: +39
  • Time Zone: CET (UTC + 1)
  • Power and plugs: 230 V / 50 Hz, plug type C, F, L
Geography
  • Area: 302,072 km² / 116,631 sq mi
  • Highest point: Monte Bianco 4,808 m / 15,774 feet
  • Longest river: Drava 749 km / 465 mi
  • Largest lake: Lago di Garda 370 km² / 143 sq mi
  • Largest island: Sicily 25,460 km² / 9,830 sq mi
  • Boundaries: North: Switzerland, Austria. South: Mediterranean Sea, Ionian Sea. East: Slovenia, Adriatic Sea, Ionian Sea. West: France, Mediterranean Sea, Tyrrhenian Sea. India: Vatican, San Marino.
Celebrities
  • Lucius Junius Brutus: Consul, 545 BC-509 BC
  • Cicero: Statesman, 106 BC-43 BC
  • Julius Caesar: Statesman, 100 BC-44 BC
  • August: Emperor, 63 BC-14
  • Pontius Pilate: Politician, 16 BC-36
  • Marcus Aurelius: Emperor, 121-180
  • Marco Polo: Explorers, 1254-1324
  • Dante Aligheri: Poet, 1265-1321
  • Filippo Brunelleschi: Architect, 1377-1446
  • Giovanni Caboto: Explorers, 1450-1499
  • Christoffer Colombus: Explorers, 1451-1506
  • Leonardo da Vinci: Engineer, 1452-1519
  • Amerigo Vespucci: Explorers, 1454-1512
  • Andrea Doria: Admiral, 1466-1560
  • Michelangelo Buonarroti: Artist, 1475-1564
  • Raphael: Artist, 1483-1520
  • Andrea Palladio: Architect, 1508-1580
  • Alessandro de 'Medici: Duke, 1510-1537
  • Tintoretto: Artist, 1518-1594
  • Caravaggio: Artist, 1571-1610
  • Gian Lorenzo Bernini: Architect, 1598-1680
  • Francesco Borromini: Architect, 1599-1667
  • Francesco Cavalli: Composer, 1602-1676
  • Bartolomeo Rastrelli: Architect, 1700-1771
  • Giacomo Casanova: Adventurer, 1725-1798
  • Vincenzo Bellini: Composer, 1801-1835
  • Giuseppe Garibaldi: Soldier, 1807-1882
  • Vittorio Emanuele II: King, 1820-1878
  • Giovanni Agnelli: FIAT Founder, 1866-1945
  • Guglielmo Marconi: Physicist, 1874-1937
  • Benito Mussolini: Prime Minister and Marshal, 1883-1945
  • Rudolph Valentino: Actor, 1895-1926
  • Enzo Ferrari: Ferrari Founder, 1898-1988
  • Marcello Mastroianni: Actor, 1924-1996
  • Gina Lollobrigida: Actor, 1927-
  • Ennio Morricone: Composer, 1928-
  • Bud Spencer: Actor, 1929-2016
  • Sergio Leone: Film Director, 1929-1989
  • Sophia Loren: Actor, 1934-
  • Luciano Pavarotti: Tenor, 1935-2007
  • Silvio Berlusconi: Politician, 1936-
  • Terence Hill: Actor, 1939-
  • Gianna Nannini: Singer, 1956-
  • Andrea Bocelli: Tenor, 1958-
  • Sabrina Salerno: Singer, 1968-