Mexico is one of the world's great destinations if you are looking for archeology, culture and general relaxation. Over the years, the country has been characterized by large cultures that have influenced modern Mexico, and in both the country's interesting metropolitan cities and cozy provincial cities, you can often feel set back to the Spanish colonial era. And the capital of Mexico City offers it all.

The cathedral in Mexico City is one of the most famous sights in the capital. It is located at the square Zócalo, where you can also see the magnificent Templo Mayor ruins from the Aztec times. You can also walk in Moctezuma's footsteps to the place where the emperor first met Spanish Hernán Cortés, experience mariachi music and much more.

A trip to Mexico is also a meeting with ancient and modern cultures around the country. The archaeological collections in Mexico City can be a start of a tour of the Aztecs' colossal temple area of ​​Teotihuacan or in Palenque, the Yucatan ruins and many other, unforgettable sites, all of which depict the area's history.

Mexican nature is also unforgettable with great variety throughout the regions of the country. You can go for a swim and dive at the Caribbean beaches, watch toucans fly in the woods, sail through the Sumidero Gorge and hike in the mountains. All this is possible in the different regions, which vary a lot from south to north and from east to west.

Biggest cities
  • Ciudad de Mexico: 8,851,080
  • Ecatepec de Morelos: 1,655,015
  • Guadalajara: 1,564,514
  • Puebla: 1,539,819
  • León: 1,436,733
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  • January 1: New Year's Day
  • February 5: Constitution Day
  • March 21: Benito Juárez's birthday
  • May 1: May 1 celebrations
  • September 16: Independence Day
  • November 20: Revolution Day
  • December 25: Christmas Day
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Mexico City, Mexico City, Mexico

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Practical info
  • Official Name: Mexico United States / Estados Unidos Mexicanos
  • Capital: Mexico City / Ciudad de México
  • National anthem: Himno Nacional Mexicano
  • Language: Spanish
  • Population: 115,297,000 (2012)
  • Primary Religion: Christianity
  • Currency: Peso (MXN)
  • Drives in: Right side
  • Domain: .mx
  • Phone code: +52
  • Time Zone: Central (UTC-6), Pacifico (UTC-7), Noroeste (UTC-8)
  • Power and plugs: 127 V / 60 Hz, plug type A, B
  • Area: 1,972,550 km² / 761,606 sq mi
  • Highest point: Pico de Orizaba, 5,636 m / 18,491 feet
  • Longest river: Rio Grande, 3,108 km / 1,931 mi
  • Largest lake: Lago de Chapala, 1,100 km² / 425 sq mi
  • Largest island:  Isla Tiburón, 1,201 km² / 464 sq mi
  • Boundaries: North: United States. South: Guatemala, Belize. East: Gulf of Mexico. West: Pacific Ocean.
  • Moctezuma I: Emperor, 1398-1469
  • Cuauhtémoc: Emperor, 1497-1525
  • Agustín de Iturbide: Head of State and Emperor, 1783-1824
  • Guadalupe Victoria: President, 1786-1843
  • Benito Juárez: President, 1806-1872
  • Maximilian I: Emperor, 1832-1867
  • Porfirio Díaz: President, 1830-1915
  • Francisco I. Madero: President, 1873-1913
  • Pancho Villa: Revolutionary, 1878-1923
  • Emiliano Zapata: Military Leader, 1879-1919
  • Álvaro Obregón: President, 1880-1928
  • Diego Rivera: Artist, 1886-1957
  • Rufino Tamayo: Artist, 1899-1991
  • Frida Kahlo: Artist, 1907-1954
  • Hugo Sanchez: Football Player, 1958-
  • Julio César Chávez: Boxer, 1962-
  • Salma Hayek: Actor, 1966-