Introduction

Northern Ireland is part of the United Kingdom and forms the northeastern part of the island of Ireland. With its geographical location between Great Britain and Ireland, there is widespread co-operation with both nations, and politically there is an autonomy where the British government in London handles, for example, international relations.

The Northern Ireland countryside is as beautiful and green as the rest of Ireland. It is characterized by hilly areas with beautiful and dramatic coastlines. There are also large lakes in the region, with Lough Neagh being the largest in the British Isles.

The capital Belfast is an old industrial city, where new development has contributed interesting sights in recent decades. Titanic Belfast is perhaps the best known example. Here the story of the ship is told in an architectural landmark for the city and for Northern Ireland.

Londonderry is Northern Ireland's second largest city, and here too there is much to see. The landscape between the two cities is beautiful, and many take excursions along the beautiful north coast, where you can see the basalt cliffs Giant's Causeway, inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List.

Biggest cities
  • Belfast: 280,000
  • Londonderry: 83,000
  • Newtonabbey (metro): 66,000
  • Craigavon (urban): 64,000
  • Bangor: 61,000
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Holidays
  • 1 January: New Year's Day
  • 17 March: St. Patrick's Day
  • Date varies: Good Friday
  • Date varies: Easter
  • Date varies: Easter Monday
  • Date varies: Early May Bank Holiday
  • Last Monday in May: Spring Friday
  • 12 July: Battle of the Boyne
  • Last Monday in August: Summer Bank
  • 25 December: Christmas Day
  • 26 December: Boxing Day
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Parliament Buildings, Stormont, Belfast, Northern Ireland BT42JX, United Kingdom

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Practical info
  • Official Name: Northern Ireland
  • Capital: Belfast
  • National anthem: God Save the Queen, Londonderry Air
  • Languages: English, Irish, Ulster-Scottish
  • Population (2011): 1,810,863
  • Primary Religion: Christianity
  • Currency: Pounds (GBP)
  • Drives in: Left side
  • Domain: .uk
  • Phone code: +44
  • Time Zone: UTC
  • Power and plugs: 230 V / 50 Hz, plug type G
Geography
  • Area: 14,130 km² / 5,460 sq mi
  • Highest point: Slieve Donard, 850 m / 2,790 feet
  • Longest river: River Bann, 129 km / 80 mi
  • Largest lake: Lough Neagh, 392 km² / 151 sq mi
  • Largest island: Ireland 84,421 km² / 32,595 sq mi
  • Boundaries: Northern: Atlantic Ocean. South: Republic of Ireland. East: Northern Channel, Irish SeaWest: Republic of Ireland.
Celebrities
  • John Stewart Bell: Physician, 1928-1990
  • Seamus Heaney: Author, 1939-2013
  • Van Morrison: Singer and musician, 1945-
  • George Best: Football player, 1946-2005
  • Joey Dunlop: Motorbike racer, 1952-2000
  • Liam Neeson: Actor, 1952-
  • James Nesbitt: Actor, 1965-
  • Rory McIlroy: Golfer, 1989-