Read about the city
Novosibirsk is the capital of Siberia and the third largest city in Russia. The city is located on the river Ob, which is one of the mighty rivers of Siberia, which also counts Lena and Yenisei. The nature around the city is beautiful and with plenty of space and large forests between the cities along the Siberian roads and railways.
The city of Novonikolaevsk was founded in 1893 as a station along the Trans-Siberian Railway, which opened large parts of Siberia to European Russia. The city was later renamed Novosibirsk, and growth rapidly picked up in the strategically well-located city. After just over 10 years, more than 50,000 people lived in the city, which today is one of the country's many cities with over a million inhabitants.
There are many interesting things to see in Novosibirsk. The location in Siberia in itself makes the city exciting, and there are many impressive buildings from the Soviet era. These include the main railway station, the city's metro, Lenin Square and the large opera and ballet theater, which is one of the largest in the world.
In the city you can also visit fine museums where there is a complete skeleton of a mammoth and a depiction of the historical way of life in Siberia as some of the many highlights. Here is also a good zoo and a beach along Ob, where you can enjoy the warm summer weather that characterizes the middle of Siberia.
- Novosibirsk Railway Station/Новосибирск-Главный: The Novosibirsk railway station is an important building, as the railway was the reason for the founding of the city. The first station was opened in 1894, and after several expansions, the current railway station was built in the 1930s. You can ride trains to many cities today, the most important of which is the route between Moscow and Vladivostok. You can also take the city metro from the square in front of the station.
- Ascension Cathedral/Вознесенский собор: This cathedral was built as a wooden church in 1913 in the then city of Novonikolaevsk. It was gradually expanded, and after a time of other uses during the Soviet Union, the building became a church again in 1944. Over the years, the wooden church has been rebuilt into the beautiful stone church you can visit today.
- Lenin Square/Площадь Ленина: Lenin Square is located in front of Novosibirsk's Opera and Ballet Theater, and here you can see the city's statue of the head of state and revolutionary hero Lenin. The statue was erected in 1970 flanked by other sculptural groups. Originally, the square was one of the city's marketplaces before several large buildings were constructed around it in the 20th century.
- City Trade House/Городской торговый корпус: On Leninpladsen you can see this building, which was built 1910-1911 as the city's trading house, which facilitated both shops and the city administration. The building has been open as a museum since 1985.
- Novosibirsk State Museum of Local History and Nature/Краеведческий музей: This museum is housed in the City Trade House in the center of Novosibirsk. There is a lot to look at; eg the permanent exhibition about ancient Siberia. It depicts the way of life, religion and other aspects of Siberia in the old days.
- The Small West Siberian Railway/Малая Западно-Сибирская железная дорога: This is one of many of the so-called children's railways in Russia. It is a mini railway that opened in Zaeltsovsky Park in 2005. The track length is 5.3 kilometers/3.3 miles, and the railway runs in the summer as a fun and different experience.
- Burgrinsky Bridge/Бугринский мост: Novosibirsk is located on the Ob River, one of Russia's major rivers. In 2014, this 2.1-kilometer/1.3-mile-long bridge was inaugurated by President Vladimir Putin, and stands as one of the city's famous landmarks of recent times.
- Globus Theater/театр Глобус: This theater was founded in Novosibirsk in 1930, and its current theater building from 1984 is one of the city's distinctive public buildings from the 1980s.
- Novosibirsk Zoo/Новосибирский зоопарк: The Novosibirsk Zoo is one of the city's popular attractions. The garden was founded in 1947 and is one of the most important in Russia. The place is especially known for the large cats that live in the garden; in 2012, the world's first liger was born in Novosibirsk Zoo.
- Siberia State University of Transport/Сибирский государственный университет путей сообщения: In Novosibirsk there are several higher education institutions. The Siberian State University of Transport is one of them and it is housed in an impressive building in Soviet classicism. The university was founded in 1932.