Introduction

Russia is the largest country in the world and there are endless opportunities to experience beautiful scenery and interesting cities and cultures in the many time zones of the big country. From the dunes of the Baltic to the Pacific coasts, Russia is covering major parts of both Europe and Asia.

Moscow, the Russia capital in the European heartland, is the largest city in Europe, and there are sights from ancient Russia, the Soviet era and the modern country, while the splendor of the imperial era is best seen in the cultural stronghold, Saint Petersburg, with all its lavish palaces.

Kaliningrad on the Baltic Sea shore, the Golden Ring around Moscow, Novosibirsk and Irkutsk in Siberia and Vladivostok on the Pacific coast are just some of the many provincial cities, each with beautiful and unique sights. Often there are unforgettable churches and monasteries as well as grand buildings and monuments to be visited.

Russian nature can be enjoyed from the windows of the Trans-Siberian Railroad, and some of the highlights in the country are the Altai Mountains, Lake Baikal, and volcanoes of Kamchatka Peninsula. A river cruise along, for example, Volga is also a great way to see the landscapes at a leisurely pace.

Biggest cities
  • Moscow: 12,380,884
  • St. Petersburg: 5,281,579
  • Novosibirsk: 1,602,915
  • Yekaterinburg: 1,455,514
  • Nizhny Novgorod: 1,261,666
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Holidays
  • January 1: New Year's Day/Новый год
  • The days after January 1st: New Year's holiday/Новогодние каникулы
  • January 7: Orthodox Christmas/Рождество Христово
  • February 23: Defense of the Fatherland Day/День защитника Отечества
  • March 8: International Women's Day/Международный женский день
  • May 1: Day of Spring and Labor/Праздник Весны и Труда
  • May 9: Victory Day/День Победы
  • June 12: Russia Day/День России
  • 4 November: Day of Unity/День народного единства
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Moscow, Moscow, Russia

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Practical info
  • Official Name: Russian Federation / Российская Федерация
  • Capital: Moscow / Москва
  • National anthem: Russian Federation Hymn / Государственный гимн Российской Федерации
  • Language: Russian
  • Population (2018): 146,793,744
  • Primary religion: Christianity
  • Currency: Ruble (RUR)
  • Drives in: Right side
  • Domain: .ru
  • Phone Code: +7
  • Time Zone: UTC + 3-UTC + 12
  • Power and plugs: 230 V / 50 Hz, plug type C, F
Geography
  • Area: 17,125,191 km² / 6,612,073 sq mi
  • Highest point: Electric shower 5.642 m / 18,511 feet
  • Longest river: Jenisej 5,539 km / 3,442 mi
  • Largest lake: Caspian Sea 371,000 km² / 143,244 sq mi
  • Largest island: Sakhalin 72,492 km² / 27,989 sq mi
  • Boundaries: North:  Barents Sea, Cara Sea, Laptev Sea, Eastern Siberian Sea, Chuktjer Sea, Arctic Ocean. South: Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, China, North Korea. East: Bering Strait, Bering Sea, Okhotske Sea, Japanese Sea, Pacific. West: Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Belarus, Ukraine, Gulf of Finland, Baltic Sea
Celebrities
  • Rurik: Prince of Novgorod, 830-879
  • Alexander Nevsky: Army Chief, 1220-1263
  • Dmitry Donskoj: Grand Prince, 1350-1389
  • Ivan IV the Cruel: Czar, 1530-1584
  • Boris Godunov: Politician and Czar, 1555-1605
  • Nikon: Patriarch, 1605-1681
  • Peter the Great: Tsar and Emperor, 1672-1725
  • Mikhail Lomonosov: Scientist, 1711-1765
  • Catherine II the Great: Empress, 1729-1796
  • Alexander Suvorov: Generalissimo, 1730-1800
  • Mikhail Kutuzov: Army Chief, 1745-1813
  • Alexander Pushkin: Author, 1799-1837
  • Mikhail Lermontov: Author, 1814-1841
  • Fyodor Dostoevsky: Author, 1821-1881
  • Lev Tolstoy: Author, 1828-1910
  • Dmitri Mendeleev: Scientist, 1834-1907
  • Modest Mussorgskij: Composer, 1839-1881
  • Piotr ​​Tchaikovsky: Composer, 1840-1893
  • Nicholas II: Czar, 1868-1918
  • Maxim Gorky: Author, 1868-1936
  • Vladimir Lenin: Politician and Head of State, 1870-1924
  • Mikhail Kalinin: Politician, Head of State, 1875-1946
  • Josef Stalin: Politician, Head of State, 1878-1953
  • Anna Pavlova: Ballerina, 1881-1931
  • Jakov Sverdlov: Revolutionary, 1885-1919
  • Mikhail Frunze: Revolutionary, 1885-1925
  • Sergey Kirov: Politician, 1886-1934
  • Anna Akhmatova: Author, 1889-1966
  • Vyacheslav Molotov: Politician and Minister of Foreign Affairs, 1890-1986
  • Nikita Khrushchev: Politician and First Secretary, 1894-1961
  • Georgia Zhukov: General, 1896-1974
  • Sergei Eisenstein: Film Director, 1898-1948
  • Leonid Brezhnev: Politician and Secretary General, 1906-1982
  • Dmitrij Shostakovich: Composer, 1906-1975
  • Boris Yeltsin: Politician and President, 1931-2007
  • Mikhail Gorbachev: Politician and President, 1931-
  • Gagarin Jury: Cosmonaut, 1934-1968
  • Alexei Leonov: Cosmonaut, 1934-
  • Valentina Tereshkova: Cosmonaut, 1937-
  • Vladimir Putin: President, 1952-
  • Dmitri Medvedev: President, 1965-
  • Maria Sharapova: Tennis Player, 1987-