Introduction

South Africa is a country with magnificent landscapes and many opportunities to combine a city break with relaxing and exciting trips to the mountains, beaches, vineyards, national parks, safari cabins and much more. It's all just waiting for you, and the country's mild climate makes it possible year round.

There are three capitals in South Africa; Pretoria, Cape Town and Bloemfontein. The most famous government are seated in Union Buildings in Pretoria, which also offers lovely parks and impressive monuments. Cape Town's location at Table Mountain is iconic and the cable car ride to the top of the mountain is a must. Bloemfontein is known for the city's annual flower festival.

However, the largest city in South Africa is Johannesburg, which has many attractions in the historic downtown and newer neighborhoods such as Sandton. The city is also a good and frequently used starting point for trips to national parks such as Pilanesberg and Kruger, located on the border with Mozambique. Lovely stays in lodges or Sun City are great options on these trips.

The South African nature is extremely varied. The country's diverse wildlife is unforgettable after experiencing the wonders of nature in Kruger National Park or anywhere else in the country. Other parks, such as Augrabies Falls with impressive waterfalls and Agulhas National Park, which forms Africa's southernmost point, are also very attractive places to go.

Biggest cities
  • Johannesburg: 9,167,045
  • Cape Town: 4,004,793
  • Durban: 3,661,911
  • Pretoria: 2,437,000
  • Port Elizabeth: 1,263,051
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Holidays
  • January 1: New Year's Day
  • March 21: Human Rights Day
  • Date varies: Good Friday
  • Date varies (day after Easter Day): Family Day
  • April 27:  Freedom Day
  • May 1: Worker's Day
  • June 16: Youth Day
  • August 9: National Women's Day
  • September 24: Heritage Day
  • December 16: Day of Reconciliation
  • December 25 : Christmas Day
  • December 26: Day of Goodwill
  • If one of the days is a Sunday, the following Monday will be a day off
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Pretoria, Gauteng, South Africa

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Practical info
  • Official name: Republic of South Africa / Republic of South Africa
  • Capital: Pretoria (executive), Bloemfontein (judicial), Cape Town (legislative)
  • National anthem: National anthem of South Africa / National Anthem of South Africa
  • Languages: Afrikaans, English, Northern Sotho, Southern Ndebele, Southern Sotho, Swazi, Tsonga, Tswana, Venda, Xhosa, Zulu
  • Population: 57,725,600 (2018)
  • Primary religion: Christianity
  • Currency: South African Rand (ZAR)
  • Drives in: Left side
  • Domain: .za
  • Phone code: +27
  • Time Zone: SAST (UTC + 2)
  • Power and plugs: 230 V / 50 Hz, plug type C, M, N
Geography
  • Area: 1,221,037 km² /471,445 sq mi
  • Highest point: Mafadipiek / Mafadi, 3,450 m / 11,319 feet
  • Longest river: Orange / Orange River, 2,200 km / 1,367 mi
  • Largest lake: Lake Sibayame / Lake Sibhayi, 45 km² / 17.4 sq mi
  • Largest island: Marion Island / Marion Island, 335 km² / 129 sq mi
  • Boundaries: North: Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe. South: The Indian Ocean. East: Mozambique, Swaziland. West: Atlantic Ocean. India: Lesotho.
Celebrities
  • Jan Smuts: Statesman, 1870-1950
  • John Ronald Reuel Tolkien: Author, 1892-1973
  • Hendrik Verwoerd: Prime Minister, 1901-1966
  • Pieter Botha:  President and Prime Minister, 1916-2006
  • Nelson Mandela: President, 1918-2013
  • Allan MacLeod Cormack: Physicist, 1924-1998
  • Sydney Brenner: Biologist, 1927-2019
  • Desmond Tutu: Priest, 1931-
  • Gary Player: Golfer, 1935-
  • Frederik de Klerk: President, 1936-
  • John Maxwell Coetzee: Author, 1940-
  • Thabo Mbeki: President, 1942-
  • Jacob Zuma: President, 1942-
  • Steve Biko: Activist, 1946-1977
  • Ernie Els: Golfer, 1969-
  • Elon Musk: Engineer and investor, 1971-
  • Charlize Theron: Actor, 1975-
  • Candice Swanepoel: Model, 1988-