Introduction

Uzbekistan is a Central Asian country, located on the Silk Road's historic route, which is reflected in the many unforgettable cities that are almost taken from the Tales of 1001 Nights. Between the cities, the Uzbek desert lies side by side with the country's colossal, cultivated areas.

The capital city of Tashkent is a metropolis with all that it entails of museums, government buildings, parks, main streets and much else that can easily be reached by the city's efficient metro, one of the construction works of Uzbekistan's time as a republic in the Soviet Union.

Go west from the capital on the high-speed train between Tashkent and Samarkand, which hosts world-class sights. Centrally located in the city is the Registan complex and the city's necropolis, Shah-i-Zinda, is not to be missed. On the trip around the country you should visit Bukhara's old city center and colossal walls, Gijduvan's architecture and much more.

The nature of Uzbekistan is characterized by wide variations. Snow-capped mountain peaks face the southeast with great opportunities for hiking and overlooking beautiful panoramas. To the northwest lies the desert areas and remnants of the largely arid Aral Lake, which was one of the world's largest lakes in the mid-1900s. Through the country, the river runs the Amu Darja, whose water is used for irrigation.

Biggest cities
  • Tashkent / Toshkent: 2,309,300
  • Samarkand / Samarqand: 509,000
  • Namangan / Namangan: 475,700
  • Andijan / Andijon: 333,400
  • Bukhara / Buxoro: 272,710
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Holidays
  • January 1: New Year's Day
  • January 14: Motherland Day
  • March 8: Women's Day
  • March 21: Persian New Year
  • May 9: Memorial Day for the Fallen
  • September 1: Independence Day
  • October 1: Teachers' Day
  • December 1: Constitution Day
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Tashkent, Tashkent, Uzbekistan

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Practical info
  • Official name: Republic of Uzbekistan / O'zbekiston Republic
  • Capital: Tashkent / Toshkent
  • National anthem: Oʻzbekiston Republican Singing Davlat Madhiyasi
  • Language: Uzbek
  • Population: 31,025,500 (2015)
  • Primary religion: Islam
  • Currency: As (UZS)
  • Drives in: Right side
  • Domain: .uz
  • Phone code: +998
  • Time Zone: UZT (UTC + 5)
  • Power and plugs: 220 V / 50 Hz, plug type C, I
Geography
  • Area: 448,978 km² / 173,351 sq mi
  • Highest point: Hazrat Sultan / Hazrati Sulton cho'qqisi, 4,643 m / 15,233 feet
  • Longest river: Amu-Darya, 2,400 km / 1,491 mi
  • Largest lake: Sarygamysh / Sariqamish ko'li, 5,000 km² / 1,931 sq mi
  • Boundaries: North: Kazakhstan. South: Turkmenistan, Afghanistan. East: Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan. West: Kazakhstan.
Celebrities
  • Timur: Emir and Lord of War, 1330-1405
  • Mirzo Ulugh Bek: Scientist and King, 1394-1449
  • Alisher Navoi: Author, 1441-1501
  • Muhammad Shaybani: Warlord, 1451-1510
  • Abdullah Khan II: Emir, 1533-1598
  • Mohlaroyim: Author, 1792-1842
  • Mohammed Alim Khan: Emir, 1880-1944
  • Gafur Gulom: Poet, 1903-1966
  • Zulfiya Isroilova: Author, 1915-1996
  • Sharof Rashidov: Politician, 1917-1983
  • Islam Karimov: President, 1938-
  • Djamolidine Abdoujaparov: Bicycle Rider, 1964-
  • Shahzoda: Singerinde , 1979-
  • Rustam Kasimdzhanov: Chess Storm Master, 1979-
  • Iroda Tulyaganova: Tennis Player, 1982-