Read about the city

A trip to Yerevan is an exciting trip to one of the oldest inhabited cities in the world. Ruins from the city's early times such as the fortress Erebuni and the Christian era that began as early as the 300s are visible signs of the modern city's early beginnings.

Throughout the 1900s, the city grew from 30,000 inhabitants to house more than one million people, and it is a fine example of Soviet development, drawing inspiration from traditional Armenian architecture. Between the buildings there are parks, lakes and in general an airy and lovely atmosphere.

The center of the city is full of designed buildings in imposing architecture. They were to symbolize the ability of Soviet Armenia, and the city's large squares and wide boulevards tie things together in a distinguished way.

North of Central Republic Square stands the city's opera and then the stairwell and fountain named Cascade, that is not seen anywhere else in the world. The Cascade is a must see and climb, and at the top there are several monuments such as Mother Armenia; and from here is a great view of Yerevan and to the historic Armenian mountain Ararat.

Fine museums, green parks and delicious food are also one of the experiences in Yerevan, where interesting purchases can be found in the colossal Malatia market or around in the streets of Yerevan.

Other attractions

Mother Armenia, Yerevan

  • Mother Armenia/Mayr Hayastan: Mother Armenia is a personification of the Armenian state in the form of a 24-meter-/79 feet-high statue of a female figure. The statue stands elevated above the city in an interesting memorial park. It is also possible to visit the statue itself.
  • Victory Park/Hajtanak zbosaygi: The Victory Park is named after the Soviet Union victory in World War II. It is a lovely and popular recreation area where the amusement park, Luna Park, is located. Victory Park is also home to the great monument of Mother Armenia.

Yerevan Opera

  • Armenian National Academic Opera & Ballet Theater/Aleqsandr Spendiaryani anvan öperayi ev baleti azgayin Akademiakan tatron: The opera of Yerevan was founded in 1932 and the opening took place on January 20, 1933. The building is a work by Alexander Tamanian and it is one of Yerevan's large public buildings in the city center.
  • Armenian Historical Museum/Hayastani Patmutyan Tangaran: The Armenian Historical Museum serves as the country's national museum. It was established as an anthropological-ethnographic museum library in 1919, and since then the interesting collections have grown substantially.

Ararat Yerevan Brandy Factory

  • Yerevan Brandy Factory/Erevani Konyaki Gorcaran: Yerevan Brandy Factory is a liquor manufacturer whose largest and best known product is the brandy Ararat. You can take a tour of the factory as you can at the nearby Noy brandy factory.

Blue Mosque, Yerevan

  • The Blue Mosque/Kapuyt Mzkit: The Blue Mosque is believed to have been built in the mid-1700s. The most characteristic elements of the complex are the dome of the central prayer hall and the 24 meter/79 feet high minaret.
  • The English Garden/Angliakan aygi: The English Garden is one of central Yerevan's largest parks. It opened in 1910 as the city's first public park and it quickly enjoyed great popularity for recreation. To the present day it it one of the well visited oasis in th city.

Yerevan Railway Station

  • Yerevan Railway Station & Sasuntsi Davit/Yerevan yerkat’ughayin kayaran & Sasuntsi Davit: Yerevan Central Station is an impressive Soviet-era station building. It was completed in 1956 in a typical architecture of its time. The first railway line opened in 1902 to Alexandropol and Tbilisi, while today there is also a metro station here. In front of the train station you can see Yervand Kochar's famous statue of Sasuntsi Davit, the hero who drove the Arabs out of Armenia as told in the epic of David of Sassoun.
  • Erebuni Museum/Erebunu tangaran: The Erebuni Museum is a museum for the excavation of the Erebuni Fort and thereby the present-day Yerevan's earliest roots. The museum is located a bit south of the present day Armenian capital.
  • Erebuni Fort/Erebuni amroc: The Erebuni Fort is quite a ruin of a fort with associated settlement from the historic Armenian kingdom of Urartu. The fort was one of several and it was among the most important along the northern border of the kingdom.
History overview

    [expand title="Read about city history" id="historie2" swaptitle="Hide content"]
    The first settlement
    King Arame is mentioned as the first king of Urartu, founded in the 8th century BC. The kingdom lay around Lake Van and also included the present-day Yerevan land as a border area to the northeast. The kingdom of Arama united the tribes of the area and formed a united front to the Assyrian kingdom to the south.

    In the Yerevan area, the settlements had emerged as early as the 3000s BC, from which remains from several fortified sites have been found. The first known fort was founded as Erebuni in present-day Yerevan in 782 BC by order of King Argishti I, making the city one of the oldest in the world. Erebuni's fort was built to defend the country against people from the Caucasus region.

    In the following centuries, Erebuni evolved to be among the leading cities and centers in the province, and larger public facilities such as canals and reservoirs were established.

    Christianization of Armenia
    Armenia became a Christian country in the year 301, and the first churches were established. Yerevan and Armenia developed under several local leaders until the Arabs entered the area. Yerevan fell in the year 658, and it marked the beginning of many centuries when changing powers brought mainly foreign influence.

    With the central location of Yerevan on the trade routes between Europe and Asia, Ottomans and Persians struggled for a long time, and countless times in the 1500-1700s the city changed hands between the two powers.

    On several occasions Armenians were forced out of the city; for example, in 1604 where the Persians gained Muslim majority and dominance through the relocation of thousands of Armenians to Persia. The Armenian share of Yerevan's citizens was as low as 20%.

    Russian influence and development
    During the Russo-Persian War of 1826-1828, Russia conquered Yerevan in 1827, and officially the city and Armenia became part of the Russian Empire the following year with the Turkmenchay Treaty. With the support from the tsarist regime in Russia, many Armenians were able to settle in Yerevan again. They came from Turkish and Persian areas, and with the relocation the proportion of Armenians in the city increased from just over a quarter to over half.

    With the Russian administration, Yerevan became the capital of the Armenian region of the empire in the years 1828-1840, and thereafter it was the center of various administrative regimes until 1917.

    With Russia a strong European influence came to Armenia, and in the 19th century several buildings were completed and institutions set up according to Russian model. Jerevan's first overall city plan was also drawn these years; it happened in 1854.

    Beginning of the 20th Century
    At the beginning of the 20th century, the population had risen to around 30,000, and economic development continued from the 19th century. In 1902 a railway was established, and one could now drive to, among others, Tbilisi and Alexandropol, which today is called Gyumri.

    In 1917, the Russian Empire fell, and the same year the Transcaucasian Federation was established between Armenia, Georgia and Azerbaijan. This political construction did not last long, and on May 28, 1918, Armenian leader Aram Manukian declared the Armenian independence, and the country was now an independent republic. One of the country's decisions was the establishment of the University of Yerevan.

    Yerevan in the Soviet Union
    On November 29, 1920, the 11th Red Arms of the Bolsheviks came to Yerevan and occupied the city. Three days later, Armenia became part of the Soviet Union as Armenia's Soviet Socialist Republic.

    The capital of the new republic became Yerevan, for which a city plan was quickly drawn up. It was headed by Russian-born Armenian Alexander Tamanian, and the plan was adopted in 1924. The plan was sized to a city of 150,000 inhabitants, but Yerevan grew under the Soviet Union to become a million city.

    The Tamanian urban plan and Soviet architecture continue to dominate the Yerevan city center, and over the years a number of imposing buildings were erected and the city developed into a cultural and scientific center. The city, whose modern development started with the arrival of Russia in 1827, also built a metro system, when the one million inhabitants mark qualified for it in the Soviet system.

    Yerevan today
    Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Yerevan became the capital of the current Armenian Republic, established on September 21, 1991. Since then, significant investments have been made in new construction and renovation of the center of Yerevan, which today carries the old Armenian traditions into the culture and architecture.
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Top attractions

Cascade, Yerevan

  • Cascade & Cafesijan Art Center/Kaskad & Gafěsxean arvesti kentron: From 1976 to 1988 most of the current plant was established. The dimensions of the cascade are impressive. There are 572 steps on the 450 meter/1,500 feet long road from the start of the building to the platform at the top.
  • 50th Anniversary of Soviet Armenia/Chorhrdayin Hayastanë hušardzanë: Raised above the Armenian capital and at the end of the Cascade you will find a large viewing platform with a sky-striking obelisk marking the 50th anniversary of Soviet Armenia. The view from here is striking overlooking both Yerevan and Mount Ararat.

Republic Square, Yerevan

  • Republic Square/Hanrapetutian Hraparak: Republic Square is the central square of Yerevan, and around it are a number of state buildings erected in the Soviet era of Armenia. The square is very atmospheric in the evening with lighting and fountains.

Tsitsernakaberd, Yerevan

  • Tsitsernakaberd/Cicernakaberd: Tsitsernakaberd is located next to the Museum of the Armenian Genocide, and it is a monument erected to commemorate the Armenian Genocide in 1915. an eternal flame burns in the center of the monument.
  • Museum of the Armenian Genocide/Hayoc cejaspanutyan tangaran: The Museum of the Armenian Genocide opened in 1995 in the 80th anniversary of the Armenian Genocide, in which Turkish Ottomans from 1915 killed estimated at least one million Armenians. The museum is like an information center about the genocide.

Gregory the Illuminator Cathedral, Yerevan

  • Saint Gregory the Illuminator Cathedral/Sb. Grigor Lusavorič mayr ekejeci: Saint Gregory the Illuminator Cathedral is the largest Armenian apostolic church building, and it stands as a symbol of the Christian faith of the Armenians. The church is just like the road to it an impressive construction and there is a fine and bright church interior in the cathedral.

Matenadaran, Yerevan

  • Matenadaran (Mesrop Mashtot's Institute of Ancient Manuscripts)/Mesrop Mashtots'i use the dzeṙagreri institute: Matenadaran is a museum and institute that exhibits and researches not least Armenian manuscripts. The museum building was built in gray basalt and opened in 1958. It houses the world's largest collection of Armenian manuscripts and preserved gospels from the 800s-900s.
Trips in the area

Zvartnots Cathedral, Yerevan

  • Zvartnot's Cathedral/Zuartnoc: Zvartnot's Cathedral is a beautiful collection of ruins in a quite large archaeological excavation of the old cathedral, that was built from the year 643. The location is said to be the exact spot where king Tiridates III met with Gregory the Illuminator.

Echmiadzin Cathedral, Armenia

  • Echmiadzin/Ědžmiacin: The city of Echmiadzin is the religious center of Armenia. In Echmiadzin you can see several churches, the city's cathedral and the chair of the ecclesiastical headquarters in the country. The cathedral is considered the oldest in the whole world and also as the first church built in ancient Armenia.

Khor Virap, Armenia

  • Khor Virap/Khor Virap: Khor Virap is a monastery of the Armenian Apostolic Church. Khor Virap is beautifully located on a small mountain on the Ararat plain at the foot of the dormant volcano, Ararat, and it is one of Armenia's landmarks and most visited pilgrimage sites.

Garni Temple, Armenia

  • Garni Temple/Garnii taxar: Garni Temple is a well-preserved pagan temple, built in the 100's. The style is Greco-Roman, and the are 24 Ionic columns around the central room of the temple. The unusually beautifully preserved temple is a great sight, as is the panoramic view from here.
  • Geghard Monastery/Gejard: Geghard Monastery is remarkably beautiful loacted in the Armenian mountains outside Yerevan. The complex is partially carved out of the rocks. It was founded in the 300s by Gregory the Illuminator, as a holy spring poured in a cave here.

Lake Sevan, Armenia

  • Sevan Lake/Sevana lich: Sevan Lake is the largest lake in Armenia and the largest freshwater lake in the Caucasus. The lake is beautifully situated in the countryside at about 1,900 meters above sea level. You can enjoy Armenian landscapes and resorts along the lake and also visit the monastery of Sevanavank.
  • Haghpat Monastery/Haghpatavank: In the heights of the city of Alaverdi is the beautiful Haghpat monastery complex, which is listed on UNESCO's World Heritage List. Haghpat was established in the 9th century by Saint Nishan.
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  • Dalma Garden Mall / az ԳԱՐԴԵՆ ՄՈԼ, Vazgen Sargsyan St. 26 / Վազգեն Սարգսյան փող. 26,
  • Malatia Market / Մալաթիայի տոնավաճառ, Malatia / Մալաթիայի տոնավաճառ
  • Petak / Փեթակ, Sevan Street / Սեւանի փողոց
  • Rossia Mall / Ռոսսիա, Tigran Mets Boulevard / Տիգրան Մեծ
  • Shopping streets: Northern Avenue / Հյուսիսային պողոտա, Abovyan Street / Աբովյան, Teryan Street / Տերյան փողոց, Tumanyan Street / Թումանյան, Sayat Nova Street / Սայաթ-Նովա
With kids
  • Activities: Children's Park & ​​Railway / Մանկական այգի & Մանկական երկաթուղի, Dzorapi Street / Ձորափի փող
  • Circus: Yerevan Circus / Երևանյան կրկեսն, Agatangeghos Street 1 / Ագաթանգեղոս 1,
  • Zoo: Yerevan Zoo / Կենդանաբանական այգի, Myasnikyan Avenue 20 / Մյասնիկյան պողոտա 20,
  • Amusements: Luna Park / ԼՈՒՆԱ-ՊԱՐԿ, Oghakadzev Park / Օղակաձև զբոսայգի
  • Amusements: Luna Park / ԼՈՒՆԱ-ՊԱՐԿ, Victory Park / Հաղթանակ զբոսայգի
  • Activities: Play City, 35 Acharyan Street / Աճառյան փողոց 35,
  • Water Park: Waterworld, Myasnikyan Avenue 40 / Մյասնիկյան պողոտա 40,
Practical info